temper

I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
n. temperament, nature, disposition; mood, humor, tone; tantrum, passion, rage; mettle, quality; calmness, composure, equanimity. See irascibility, feeling, intrinsic. —v. t. moderate, soften; harden, anneal, toughen. See hardness, softness, change.
II
(Roget's IV) n.
1. [State of mind]
Syn. disposition, temperament, frame of mind, humor; see mood 1 .
2. [An angry state of mind]
Syn. furor, ire, passion; see anger , rage 2 .
3. [The quality of being easily angered]
Syn. impatience, excitability, touchiness, sourness, sensitivity, fretfulness, peevishness, irritability, ill-humor, acerbity, petulence, irascibility, crossness, churlishness, pugnacity, sullenness, tartness, grouchiness*, huffiness*, cantankerousness*.
Ant. patience*, calmness, equanimity.
4. [The quality of induced hardness or toughness in materials]
Syn. tensile strength, sturdiness, hardness; see firmness 2 , strength 1 .
5. [Composure]
Syn. equanimity, poise, tranquility; see composure .
keep one's temper,
Syn. remain calm, control oneself, compose oneself, not become angry; see restrain 1 .
lose one's temper,
Syn. become angry, get mad, fly off the handle*, go bananas*; see rage 1 .
See Synonym Study at mood , disposition . v.
1. [To soften or qualify]
Syn. mitigate, pacify, moderate, abate, mollify, curb, restrain; see also ease 1 , 2 , soften 2 .
Ant. attack*, violate injure.
2. [To toughen or harden]
Syn. steel, anneal, braze, bake, chill, stiffen, caseharden, cement, vulcanize, solidify, congeal, indurate, starch, petrify, mold, set, dry, toughen up*; see also strengthen .
Ant. melt, dissolve, soften.
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus)
I
n.
1. frame of mind mood, disposition, temperament, spirits, humor, attitude, outlook, character.
2. tendency to become angry *short fuse, *hairtrigger temper, *low boiling point, *low critical mass, *hot blood, *hot head, explosive personality, volatility, impatience, irritability, personality, *walking time bomb.
3. anger rage, tantrum, outburst, fury, wrath, rampage, *blowup, storm.
4. composure calmness, equanimity, good humor, sang-froid, coolness.
ANT.: 2. *long fuse, *high boiling point, easygoing personality, cool head. 3. composure, calmness, tranquility
II
v.
1. moderate soften, lessen, tone down, ease, mollify, assuage, dilute, mitigate, relieve, pacify.
2. toughen harden, strengthen, anneal.
ANT.: 1. intensify, harden, increase. 2. soften, weaken
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) I verb To make or become less severe or extreme: moderate, mute, qualify, soften, subdue, tame, tone down. See INCREASE. II noun 1. A person's customary manner of emotional response: complexion, disposition, humor, nature, temperament. See BE. 2. A temporary state of mind or feeling: frame of mind, humor, mood, spirit (used in plural), vein. See FEELINGS. 3. A tendency to become angry or irritable: irascibility, irascibleness, spleen, temperament, tetchiness. Informal: dander. Slang: short fuse. Idiom: low boiling point. See FEELINGS. 4. An angry outburst: fit2, huff, passion, tantrum. Informal: conniption, conniption fit. See FEELINGS. 5. A prevailing quality, as of thought, behavior, or attitude: climate, mood, spirit, tone. See ATTITUDE.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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  • Temper — Tem per, n. 1. The state of any compound substance which results from the mixture of various ingredients; due mixture of different qualities; just combination; as, the temper of mortar. [1913 Webster] 2. Constitution of body; temperament; in old… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • temper — [tem′pər] vt. [ME tempren < OE temprian & OFr temprer, both < L temperare, to observe proper measure, mix, regulate, forbear < tempus (gen. temporis), time, period, orig., a span < IE * tempos, a span < * temp , to pull < base * …   English World dictionary

  • Temper — Tem per, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Tempered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Tempering}.] [AS. temprian or OF. temper, F. temp[ e]rer, and (in sense 3) temper, L. temperare, akin to tempus time. Cf. {Temporal}, {Distemper}, {Tamper}.] 1. To mingle in due… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • temper — [n1] state of mind atmosphere, attitude, attribute, aura, character, climate, complexion, condition, constitution, disposition, drift, frame of mind, humor, individualism, individuality, leaning, makeup, mind, mood, nature, orientation, outlook,… …   New thesaurus

  • temper — ► NOUN 1) a person s state of mind in terms of their being angry or calm. 2) a tendency to become angry easily. 3) an angry state of mind. 4) the degree of hardness and elasticity in steel or other metal. ► VERB 1) improve the temper of (a metal) …   English terms dictionary

  • temper — vb *moderate, qualify Analogous words: *adjust, regulate, fix: mitigate, alleviate, lighten, assuage, allay, *relieve: mollify, *pacify, appease Antonyms: intensify temper n 1 * …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Temper — Tem per, v. i. 1. To accord; to agree; to act and think in conformity. [Obs.] Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To have or get a proper or desired state or quality; to grow soft and pliable. [1913 Webster] I have him already tempering between my finger and …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Temper — Temper. См. Отпуск. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • temper — index abate (lessen), adapt, adjust (regulate), allay, alleviate, alter, animus …   Law dictionary

  • temper — I UK [ˈtempə(r)] / US [ˈtempər] noun Word forms temper : singular temper plural tempers ** 1) [countable/uncountable] a tendency to get angry very quickly That temper of yours is going to get you into trouble. She should never have married a man… …   English dictionary

  • temper — tem|per1 [ tempər ] noun ** 1. ) count or uncount a tendency to get angry very quickly: That temper of yours is going to get you into trouble. She should never have married a man with such a violent temper. have a short temper (=become angry very …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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